Co-discoverer of the Quasar (or QSO: Quasi-Stellar-Object). He received his
Ph.D. in astronomy from the University of Illinois in 1953. He has
received numerous awards, including the Peter Gruber Cosmology Prize, the
Tomalla Prize from the Swiss Physical Society, the Crafoord Prize from the
Swedish Academy of Sciences, and gold medals from the Royal Astronomical
Society, the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, and the Pontifical Academy of
Sciences. He has also received the Russell Prize from the American Astronomical
Society, the Presidential National Medal of Science, and the Eddington Medal
from the Royal Astronomical Society.
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