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  • Alston, William P. 1967. "Teleological argument for the existence of God" Encyclopedia of Philosophy. New York: Macmillan Company.

  • Bourke, Vernon J. 1967. "St. Thomas Aquinas" Encyclopedia of Philosophy. New York: Macmillan Company

  • Davies, Paul 1994. "The Unreasonable Effectiveness of Science" Evidence of Purpose John Marks Templeton, ed. New York: Continuum.

  • __________. 1992. The Mind of God: The Scientific Basis for a Rational World New York: Simon & Schuster

  • Emerton, Norma. 1989. "The Argument from Design in Early Modern Theology" Science and Christian Belief 1, no. 2: (129-47).

  • Hawking, Stephen. 1985. Stephen Hawking's Universe. New York: William Morrow

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  • Murphy, Nancey and Ellis, George, eds. On the Moral Nature of the Universe: Theology, Cosmology, and Ethics. Minneapolis: Fortress.

  • Paley, William. 1964. Natural Theology: Or, Evidences of the Existence and Attributes of the Deity, Collected from the Appearances of Nature. Indianapolis.

  • Polkinghorne, John. 1994. "A Potent Universe." Evidence of Purpose John Marks Templeton, ed. New York: Continuum

  • __________. 1987. One World: The Interaction of Science and Theology Princeton: Princeton University Press.

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  • Templeton, John Marks, ed. 1994. Evidence of Purpose. New York: Continuum.

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  • Wilcox, David. 1994. "How Blind is the Watchmaker?" Evidence of Purpose John Marks Templeton, ed. New York: Continuum

Contributed by: Dr. Anna Case-Winters

Cosmic Questions

Was the Universe Designed? Topic Index
The Argument from Design: What is at Stake Theologically?


Early Greek Philosophy and the Early Church
The Middle Ages: Classic Formulation
The Scientific Revolution: Challenges and New Forms
18th and 19th Centuries: New Form and New Challenges
20th Century: New Forms and New Challenges
Contemporary Forms: Intelligibility and Suitability for the Emergence of Life
Conclusion: What is at Stake Theologically?


Anna Case-Winters

A revised version of this paper was published in Zygon, March 2000, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 69-81.

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