View by:  Subject  Theme  Question  Term  Person  Event

a) Christology and Quantum Complementarity

Some scholars have found that specific theories in science can illuminate particular theological concerns related to redemption. A clear example comes from the use of quantum mechanical ‘complementarity’ in discussing christology.Complementarity has been used in a wide variety of theological issues, and not just in christology. Niels Bohr has used it even more generally in discussing ‘the unity of the sciences’ as well...In a lengthy study published in 1966, John McIntyre compared the traditional ‘two-natures’ model with ‘psychological’ and ‘revelation’ models of Christ.John McIntyre, The Shape of Christology (SCM Press and Westminster Press, 1966).In 1967, William Austin specifically described the humanity and the divinity of Christ as complementary, but noted problems with this idea. He then suggested that Messiah and Logos form a better example of complementarity.William Austin, "Waves, Particles and Paradoxes," Rice University Studies 53 (1967): 85 ff.In 1974, Barbour reviewed these two proposals.Barbour, Myths, Models, and Paradigms, Ch. 8, Section 2, "Christological Models".He was critical of McIntyre’s view that models are independent of each other, but he agreed with McIntyre’s assessment of the function and status of the models. Barbour also stressed that if complementarity is to be invoked, such models should be on the “same logical level”: in physics, particle and wave are, but in theology, divinity and humanity are not.

In 1976, Christopher B. Kaiser compared Chalcedonian christology and Bohr’s own version of complementarity,Kaiser rightly points out that, given the variety of interpretations on both sides, one must specify which form of christology and which version of complementarity are to be compared. finding eleven points in common. For example, both wave and particle point to the same object, an electron, and both God and human, pertain to the same person, Jesus Christ. Two models are necessary as well as sufficient in both cases, and in both cases they are dynamically related to each other. He concluded by exploring the implications of the comparison. More recently, James E. Loder and W. Jim Neidhardt returned to these ideas, drawing again on Bohr and discussing complementarity in relation to the work of Søren Kierkegaard and Paul Møller;James Edwin Loder and Jim W. Neidhardt, The Knight's Move: The Relational Logic of the Spirit in Theology and Science (Colorado Springs: Helmers & Howard, 1992). their proposal has been evaluated recently by Kaiser.W. Mark Richardson and Wesley J. Wildman, eds., Religion and Science: History, Method, Dialogue (New York: Routledge, 1996), Case Study III.

Contributed by: Dr. Robert Russell

Topic Sets Available

AAAS Report on Stem-Cells

AstroTheology: Religious Reflections on Extraterrestrial Life Forms

Agency: Human, Robotic and Divine
Becoming Human: Brain, Mind, Emergence
Big Bang Cosmology and Theology (GHC)
Cosmic Questions Interviews

Cosmos and Creator
Creativity, Spirituality and Computing Technologies
CTNS Content Home
Darwin: A Friend to Religion?
Demystifying Information Technology
Divine Action (GHC)
Dreams and Dreaming: Neuroscientific and Religious Visions'
E. Coli at the No Free Lunchroom
Engaging Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence: An Adventure in Astro-Ethics
Evangelical Atheism: a response to Richard Dawkins
Ecology and Christian Theology
Evolution: What Should We Teach Our Children in Our Schools?
Evolution and Providence
Evolution and Creation Survey
Evolution and Theology (GHC)
Evolution, Creation, and Semiotics

The Expelled Controversy
Faith and Reason: An Introduction
Faith in the Future: Religion, Aging, and Healthcare in the 21st Century

Francisco Ayala on Evolution

From Christian Passions to Scientific Emotions
Genetic Engineering and Food

Genetics and Ethics
Genetic Technologies - the Radical Revision of Human Existence and the Natural World

Genomics, Nanotechnology and Robotics
Getting Mind out of Meat
God and Creation: Jewish, Christian, and Muslim Perspectives on Big Bang Cosmology
God, Humanity and the Cosmos: A Textbook in Science and Religion
God the Spirit - and Natural Science
Historical Examples of the Science and Religion Debate (GHC)
History of Creationism
Intelligent Design Coming Clean

Issues for the Millennium: Cloning and Genetic Technologies
Jean Vanier of L'Arche
Nano-Technology and Nano-ethics
Natural Science and Christian Theology - A Select Bibliography
Neuroscience and the Soul
Outlines of the Science and Religion Debate (GHC)

Perspectives on Evolution

Physics and Theology
Quantum Mechanics and Theology (GHC)
Questions that Shape Our Future
Reductionism (GHC)
Reintroducing Teleology Into Science
Science and Suffering

Scientific Perspectives on Divine Action (CTNS/Vatican Series)

Space Exploration and Positive Stewardship

Stem-Cell Debate: Ethical Questions
Stem-Cell Ethics: A Theological Brief

Stem-Cell Questions
Theistic Evolution: A Christian Alternative to Atheism, Creationism, and Intelligent Design...
Theology and Science: Current Issues and Future Directions
Unscientific America: How science illiteracy threatens our future
Will ET End Religion?

Current Stats: topics: >2600, links: >300,000, video: 200 hours.