Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm (1646-1716)
German philosopher, mathematician, historian, jurist, and
physicist. Against any monistic view of
the universe, he characterized ultimate reality as composed of an infinite
number of simple, indivisible, immaterial substances, i.e., spiritual atoms, or
monads, created and maintained by the existence of the Prime Monad, i.e.,
God. Monads are also self-determining
substances which together comprise Gods best possible world, wherein
material substances do indeed have their own realities, although they are
dependent finally upon monads existing in a pre-established harmony that
allows order and causal relationships to occur.
Contributed by: Marty Maddox/CTNS
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