and orderly system, such as our universe; the opposite of chaos.
complex, well-ordered, and unified system, usually referring to the world of
human experience or to the universe as a whole. The verb in Greek means to put
in order and to adorn, hence our words cosmetic and cosmetologist. In
referring to the universe as cosmos rather than as chaos, the classical Greeks
defined reality as a homogeneous, ordered whole. In contrast, modern Western
culture has tended to view reality dualistically, splitting it into subject and
object, humanity and nature, mind and matter. Contemporary thinkers who attempt
to reclaim the universe as cosmos have been forced to abandon the fixed
structure of classical cosmologies in light of the pervasively evolutionary
character of the universe revealed by modern science. Nonetheless, such
thinkers -- whether they are religious or secular -- share the desire of the
ancient Greeks to provide a consistent and meaningful framework for the world
of human experience, by relating it to the principles governing all of reality.
Contributed by: CTNS
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