1. General Term: Non-Linear Systems
Non-Linear Systems Systems which are not characterizable by linear or first-order equations, but
are governed by any variety of complex, reciprocal relationships, or feedback
2. General Term: Non-Linear, Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics
Non-Linear , Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics A branch of physics developed in the latter half of the twentieth century
that deals with systems of particles that are far from the near-equilibrium
conditions studied in classical
3. Divine Action Topic: Peacocke, Arthur. Gods Interaction with the...
law-obeying systems; to statistical properties of assemblies; to Newtonian
systems which are deterministic yet unpredictable; and to chaotic and
dissipative systems. In doing so he also analyzes the
4. General Term: Classical Thermodynamics
broadened to include open systems (i.e.,
systems which exchanged matter and/or energy with their environment). These
first included non-linear systems in which effects on the system were highly
amplified, and then non-linear systems far from
5. God, Humanity and the Cosmos Topic: Self-Organisation and the Development of...
out of his analysis of non-linear systems -
the mathematics of chaos, as modelled on the modern computer and applied to
biological systems. In a sense his conclusions complement Stephen Jay Gould s (see
Punctuated Equilibrium and
6. Physics Topic: Thermodynamics, Chaos, and Complexity
the twentieth century, non-linear , non-equilibrium systems
were studied. These open systems exchange matter and/or energy
with their larger environment, and in doing so, they can move
from a less ordered to a more ordered state. The process
7. Divine Action Topic: Barbour, Ian G. Five Models of God and Evolution....
effects can be amplified by non-linear biological
systems. He also argues for top-down
causality in which higher-level events impose boundary conditions on
lower levels without violating lower- level laws and he places top-down
8. Divine Action Topic: Peacocke, Arthur. Chance and Law in Irreversible ...
, with its focus on systems in
equilibrium, centers on the second law of increasing entropy in closed systems.
Through the statistical thermodynamics of Boltzmann this came to be seen as
increasing disorder or randomness in closed
9. God, Humanity and the Cosmos Topic: Polkinghornes View of Divine Action
Polkinghorne is that non-linear systems of the sort that exhibit chaos are
exquisitely sensitive to the conditions in which they develop, and hence their
development very rapidly becomes unpredictable. That much is generally accepted. But
10. God, Humanity and the Cosmos Topic: Peacocke and Polkinghorne: Comparison of...
the ontological openness of non-linear systems, and has been
rightly criticised for the logic by which he arrives at this. However, a system-open-to-God-as-overall-context is very similar to