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1. General Term: Kepler, Johannes
Kepler, Johannes Austrian
Astronomer. Kepler proposed the fundamental
simplification of the Copernican scheme by hypothesising one ellipse for the
orbit of each planet. This achieved a very good fit, and finally put to rest
2. General Term: Heliocentric
advantages. Not until Kepler and Galileo is it taken as a serious challenge, in
cosmological terms, to the Ptolemaic system. It is seen to be useful by
astronomers for simpler methods of predicting the motions of the heavens.
3. Intro Topic: The Birth of Modern Cosmology
great German mathematician
Johannes Kepler - the first true astrophysicist. It is to Kepler that we owe the
discovery that all the planets revolve around the sun in ellipses. This was the
first of his three famous laws of planetary motion, which
4. General Term: Scientific Revolution
Further discoveries by Johannes Kepler (1571-1630) confirmed the
second of these hypotheses, and added two other discoveries: 1) planetary orbits
in the shape of ellipses, and 2) an explanation of the varying speeds of the
planets as they
5. General Term: Copernicus, Nicolaus (1473-1543)
prepared the way for Johannes
Kepler , Galileo and Isaac Newton .
by: Richard P Whaite
for Copernicus, Nicolaus
6. General Term: Galileo (1564-1642)
his pro-Copernican views.
Johannes Kepler urges Galileo to step forward and be counted; Galileo replies
that if more men thought like Kepler he would. With the telescopic discoveries
of 1610, Galileo believes he now has proof of the Copernican
7. Intro Topic: History
- Nicholas Copernicus, Johannes Kepler , and Isaac Newton
- saw their new vision of the universe as an offshoot of their theology. Newton.
in particular, was a religious fanatic whose whole life work can be seen as a
search for God. Even the
8. Interview: 'Faith and Reason' Transcript
Nicholas Copernicus , Johannes Kepler , and Isaac Newton were men of deep faith who forged their vision of the Heavens as
an offshoot of their theology.
DR. DAVIES: Scientists were all deeply religious, and they believed that in doing