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The Quantum Revolution

By the early 1920s, various phenomena had revealed a gaping hole in the fabric of physics. At the same time, the explanations proffered by physicists such as Einstein and Bohr held out the promise of a radical reconstruction. The task of integrating these insights into a coherent theory of sub-atomic physics fell to Werner Heisenberg and Erwin Schrödinger. Although they were working independently, their approaches were sufficiently similar to be formally merged into quantum mechanics. This new theory constituted a radical shift in the conceptual foundations of physics.

To read about the problems in interpreting black-body radiation and the first proposal in quantum theory see the ultraviolet catastrophe. To read about how Einstein helped early quantum theory develop see the photoelectric effect. To read about the paradoxical behaviour of light and subatomic particles see wave-particle duality.

Choose from the following links to investigate three key aspects of quantum mechanics: the Schrödinger Wave Equation, Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle, and the EPR Paradox.

SeeShaking the Foundations: the implications of quantum theory for a summary of the ways the quantum view of the world departs from classical physics.

To read different interpretations of how quantum theory relates to reality see Schrödinger’s Cat and the meaning of quantum theory.

Email link | Feedback | Contributed by: Dr. Christopher Southgate
Source: God, Humanity and the Cosmos  (T&T Clark, 1999)

Quantum Physics and Theology

Index - God, Humanity and the Cosmos, 1999 T&T Clark

The Quantum Revolution

Related Book Topics:

The Ultraviolet Catastrophe
The Photoelectric Effect
Collapsing Atoms
Wave-Particle Duality
The Schrödinger Wave Equation
The Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle
The EPR Paradox
Shaking the Foundations: The Implications of Quantum Theory
Schrödinger’s Cat and the Meaning of Quantum Theory
Does God Collapse the Wave Function?
The Hidden-Variable Theory of David Bohm
The Many-Worlds Interpretation
The Rediscovery of the Observer


Dr. Lawrence Osborn and Dr. Christopher Southgate in God, Humanity and the Cosmos. Published by T&T Clark.

See also:

Albert Einstein
Niels Bohr
Werner Heisenberg
Physics and Cosmology
The Relation of Science & Religion
A Dialogue of Scientists and Theolgians
At Home in the Quantum Universe
Books on Physics and Theology