Plato (c. 428-347 B.C.E.)
founder of one of the most enduring philosophical systems in history, as well as
the co-founder of the Academy in Athens. He produced
around twenty-five works, nearly all of which were written in the style of a
dialogue between characters that stood for different viewpoints in Platos
scheme of thought. He is most famous, and most vilified (by his critics), for
his theory of forms. He taught that for every significant word such as justice,
man or circle, there is a corresponding, abstract idea of form. In
this way his view, Platonism, is also seen as a kind of dualism. His works
include The Republic, Phaedo and Timaeus.
by: Richard P Whaite
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