Reporting on the Working Group on Ethical, Legal, and
Social Issues (ELSI) jointly sponsored by the National Institutes
of Health (NIH) and the Department of Energy (DOE), Elinor J.
Langfelder and Eric T. Juengst write, "The Americans with
Disabilities Act prohibit discriminatory actions based on a persons
genotype, including the possibility of having affected children"
and argue that preemployment medical tests should be limited to
those necessary to assess job-related physical and mental conditions.
"Social Policy Issues in Genome Research," Forum
for Applied Research and Public Policy, 8:3 (Fall 1993) 15.
The insurance industry tends to oppose restrictions in favor of
regulations. As of this writing eight states have laws limiting
insurer use of or access to genetic information: Alabama, Arizona,
Florida, Louisiana, Montana, North Carolina, Washington, and Wisconsin.
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