Digital Computers will Always be Machines
I believe I can make this categorical
statement about the lack of capacity for agency in Deep Blue and comparable
systems, because they are entirely, or at core, digital. Since they are
digital, we know that they are fully deterministic; there is no behavior they can exhibit that is not reliably traceable, after
the fact, to some external source. The source could be the
or a stimulus from the environment, or a combination, but is always external to
the digital system.
However, robotic agency is far from a simple
issue. In recent years, some members of the AI research community have been
pursuing directions other than conventional symbolic/'Strong AI', focusing
instead on embodied intelligence, or 'situated AI'. Here, the objective is to
create robots whose intelligence is a result of their physicality and
environment (while also having a computational component).
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| Contributed by: Adrian