121. Biography: Charles DeLisi
regions of key importance in DNA and
proteins. Dean Delisi has written widely in the field and has recently
published articles in the Physics Review of Letters, the Biophysical Journal,
and Computing in Science and Engineering.
122. Biography: Arthur Peacocke
New Biology (1994),
From DNA to DEAN: Reflections and Explorations of a Priest-Scientist (1996),
God and Science: A Quest for Christianity Credibility (1996), and
Paths from Science Towards God: The End of All Our Exploring (2001). He
123. General Term: C, T, A, G
) that make up DNA , also known as the genetic code. The linear
series of nucleotides are read as triplets, that specifies the sequence of amino
acids in proteins. Each triplet specifies an amino acid, and the same codons are
124. General Term: cDNA
cDNA Strong, cloned copies of otherwise fragile mRNA - the essential messenger
element of the genes in the DNA which help in the coding of proteins.
125. General Term: Chromatin
complex of DNA and basic proteins (as histone) in eukaryotic cells that is
condensed into chromosomes in mitosis and meiosis. There are two types: heterochromatic which is densely coiled
chromatin that appears as nodules in
126. General Term: Chromosome
of coiled strands of DNA , containing many genes.
Most multicellular organisms have several chromosomes, which together comprise
the genome . Sexually reproducing organisms have two copies of each chromosome,
one from the each parent -
127. General Term: Endogenous Retroviruses
means of which DNA is produced using their RNA as a template and incorporated
into the genome of infected cells.
128. General Term: Expressed Sequence Tag
part of a gene,
made from cDNA , which can be used to fish the rest of the gene out of the
chromosome , by matching base pairs with part of the gene. The EST can be
radioactively labeled in order to locate it in a larger segment of DNA .
129. General Term: Gene Mutation
Mutation A change in the DNA
base pair arrangement. It can be a
single nucleotide that is altered, or it can be a large deletion or insertion of
130. General Term: Genome
genes and associated DNA .
Full Glossary Index