For recent accounts of divine action, see Owen Thomas,
ed., Gods Activity in the World: The Contemporary Problem
(Chico, CA: Scholars Press, 1983). Thomas typology is recapitulated
by Arthur Peacocke in his own detailed treatment of divine action.
See Theology for a Scientific Age: Being and Becoming
Natural and Divine (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1990; and second
enlarged edition, London: SCM Press, 1993 and reprinted, Minneapolis:
Fortress Press, 1993), chap. 9, section f, p. 146-148.
In a more recent publication, Ian Barbour offers a lucid description
and creative comparison of the problem of divine action in classical
theism, process theism, and their alternatives, including several
types of personal agency models. See Barbour, Religion in an
Age of Science, The Gifford Lectures 1989-1991, vol. 1 (San
Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 1990), chap. 9.
See also Thomas F. Tracy, ed., The God Who Acts: Philosophical
and Theological Explorations (University Park, PA: Pennsylvania
State University, 1994) See also Michael J. Langford in Providence,
op. cit., p. 6 and Peacocke, Theology for a Scientific
Age, Ch. 9 (especially p. 135).
In my Introduction to Chaos and Complexity I expanded
Thomas typology to clarify the similarities and differences
in approaches to special divine action I provided a working typology
which was developed during the CTNS / Vatican Observatory research
on divine action.
See also my Introduction to Chaos and Complexity. I
am grateful for extensive interaction with Nancey Murphy in developing
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